Title: Framing Disaster Resilience: The Role of Women in Disaster Response
Presentation Type: Panel Presentation
Paola Cavaliere, School of Human Sciences, Osaka University, Japan (organizer, chair, presenter)
Junko Otani, Graduate School of Human Sciences, Osaka University, Japan (presenter, discussant)
Yiuxan Chen, Graduate School of Human Sciences, Osaka University, Japan (presenter)
This panel examines women’s active participation in community-based post-disaster recovering efforts and activities. Drawing upon qualitative, quantitative and participatory research techniques, each panelist will present case studies to demonstrate how women’s situatedness within the community contributes to building resilience while promoting gender-sensitive responsive activities. With her research on women affiliates’ post-disaster response and recovery activities, Dr Cavaliere shows how local faith communities have served as a strong foundation for provision of support and resilience in the aftermath of Kumamoto earthquakes in 2016. By intersecting gender and age factors in the social capital framework, Prof. Otani’s work shows that the current demographic trend of a higher proportion of females in the ageing population might increase men victims’ disaster vulnerability because of their lack of social capital. A measure of this is in Ms Chen’s doctoral work on community resilience in the aftermath of the Sichuan earthquake (2008) in China, where mothers and elderly women’s social capital and active participation in community reconstruction activities compensated their gender-based vulnerability. Overall, our research looks for ways to contribute to discussion on how to strengthen local and international responses to disaster by better informed policies and well-designed, context-responsive practice that include models of disaster management harnessing women’s capacities and resilience that exist within and across communities.